Phil C.W. Chan is an independent observer on Hong Kong, China and international affairs. He holds a Ph.D. in international law and Chinese law from the National University of Singapore and law degrees from the Universities of Hong Kong and Durham. His books include China, State Sovereignty and International Legal Order (2015), Protection of Sexual Minorities since Stonewall: Progress and Stalemate in Developed and Developing Countries (2010), and Equality in Asia-Pacific: Reality or a Contradiction in Terms? (2007).