China's population

China's population

China's top decision-making body announced in late October that it would relax the one-child policy, a controversial birth control measure Beijing introduced officially in the early 1980s to curb popu

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College students push back on period shaming and a three-child policy gets panned
Every Tuesday and Thursday, China Trends takes the pulse of the Chinese social media to keep you in the loop of what the world’s biggest internet population is talking about. Sanitary pads for everyone College students across China have taken it upon themselves to set up public dispensers to supply free sanitary pads. The goals of those dispensers, often a box or a bag hanging on the wall near the restrooms, is to normalize menstruation and ease the embarrassment for students who did not have hygiene products.  Many people recalled childhood memories of trying to hide sanitary products when getting one for themselves or borrowing from others.  “One of my former colleagues wouldn’t dare to ca
The cities that are growing and shrinking in China
Every Tuesday and Thursday, Inkstone Index features one important number about China to give you insight into the rising power. -18%: The average change in enrollment for elementary school children in Chinese cities that have become less popular over the past five years.  Chinese economics reporters, using elementary school enrollment figures to gauge demographic shifts in the country, have found a migration away from the country’s rust belt. The logic is if a city is attractive it would retain its current population and attract more families to relocate, thus, the primary student enrollment would increase. While there was no real trend of where people were moving to, there was a consistency
Chinese factory workers are graying quickly
Every Tuesday and Thursday, Inkstone Index features one important number about China to give you insight into the rising power. 24.6%: The percentage of Chinese factory workers that are older than 50. China’s factory workers are aging quickly. In 2009, 12.2% of factory workers in China were aged 50 years or older. By 2019, that number had grown to 24.6%.  At the same time, the percentage of young people – aged between 21 to 30 – fell from 35.8% to 23.1%, according to data compiled by the 21st Century Business Herald, a Chinese newspaper. The numbers point to an economy that is shifting away from its manufacturing core and toward a service-based model.   Furthermore, the changing demographics
What’s behind China’s looming demographic crisis?
Every Tuesday and Thursday, Inkstone Explains unravels the ideas and context behind the headlines to help you understand news about China. With one in six people on Earth calling it home, China is the world’s most populous country, where a large city can have as many residents as any industrialized nation does. The sheer size of the population has helped develop the country into the world’s second-biggest economy.  But while decades of managed growth in China’s population had paid dividends, the country is on the verge of a potential demographic crisis as a result of government actions, including policy to limit most families to have no more than one child. China’s population is expected to
Why don’t Chinese women want more babies? It’s not just about money
It is often presumed that government policies are the main factors determining birth patterns in China. This may not be the case anymore. By the end of 2015, China ended the controversial one-child policy, allowing couples to have two children. A baby boom was expected. But it hasn’t materialized and it is very unlikely that it will. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the birth rate in 2019 fell to 1.048, the lowest on record since the founding of the People’s Republic, except in 1961 when millions lost their lives in a widespread famine. After the Chinese Communist Party took power in 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong foolishly encouraged women to produce more children, believing that
Why Chinese mothers go abroad for sperm donors
In China, the marriage rate is falling and more affluent single women are seeking to become mothers without husbands. They are turning to overseas options. Unmarried women in China are largely barred from accessing sperm banks and in-vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment, where an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body. One single mother by choice tells her story.
China should ease pain from one-child policy repercussions
In 1992, I was abandoned as a baby and found in a public place in Hefei, China. For almost two years, I lived in an orphanage and with a foster mother. Then my adoptive mother flew me to Sacramento, California, where I grew up. My existence here in the United States is due to China’s infamous one-child policy, which was imposed for more than three decades before it was eased to a two-child policy in 2015.  I am one of more than 90,000 children adopted from China and raised in the US between 1992 and 2018.  About 40,000 other children went to families in the Netherlands, Spain and Britain. In her devastating poem, One Art, Elizabeth Bishop writes of loss in a way I relate to. She describes mi
9 charts that put China’s transformation in perspective
This week, the People's Republic of China marked its 70th birthday with a grand parade in Beijing.  Over the past seven decades, the country has evolved from a battle-scarred backwater to a rising potential superpower. Last year, China contributed one-fifth to the global economy, as measured by purchasing power parity. It has come a long way.   Check out the following nine graphs to get a sense of the monumental changes that have taken place in the country:  GDP per capita In 2010, China overtook Japan to become the world’s second-largest economy. But GDP per capita remains below the global average and only one-fifth that of other advanced economies.  Trade China is currently the world’s to
Marriages in China hit 11-year low. Here’s why that means trouble
Marriages in China hit an 11-year low last year, posing an additional challenge to efforts to boost consumption, stabilize the economy and tackle the nation’s looming demographic problems. A total of 10.14 million couples were married in 2018, down 4.6% from the previous year, while the marriage rate dropped to 7.3 per 1,000 from 7.7 per 1,000 last year, according to the Ministry of Civil Affairs. The trend continued in the first half of 2019, with the number of marriages dropping 7.7% from a year earlier to 4.98 million. The marriage rate has fallen steadily from the recent high of 9.9% in 2013 as the younger generation avoids marriage due to financial concerns amid the weakening economy. C
Why China’s millennials are saying no to marriage
Lizzy Ran is happy with her life. The 29-year-old unmarried doctor from China's central Hubei province earns a decent income and spends her free time with friends or surfing the internet. But her mother is worried about her. “My mother is quite anxious for me – she believes getting married and having babies are things that a person must do in their life,” Ran said. “I don’t think so – marriage isn’t essential for me.” Ran said she believed marriage was determined by fate, and she was not about to force the issue. “If I am lucky and I find my Mr. Right, that is good. But if I’m not lucky enough to meet such a guy, it’s fine, and I will accept that,” she said. “I will definitely not force mys